Screenshot of Ubuntu 16.04, the most popular Linux distribution
|Developer||Linus Torvalds, Linux Community|
|Programming Language||C and Assembly|
|OS Type||Unix, Open Source|
|Release Date||October 4th, 1991|
|Marketing Type||Personal computers, mobile devices, embedded devices, servers, mainframes, supercomputers, business|
GNU/Linux, often called Linux, is a Unix-based and mostly POSIX-compliant computer kernel family built under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution, with many different flavors and versions (known as "distros"), based on the Linux kernel first released on October 5, 1991 by Linus Torvalds, and the userland of the GNU system, developed by Richard Stallman and the GNU Project. There are, however, systems that can be called "Linux distros", nothing less, nothing more, due to their lack of the GNU userland, such as Alpine (using musl as its C library and busybox as its core utility set). GNU/Linux has currently ca. 2% of the desktop market share, which is why many applications, mostly proprietary software, do not have GNU/Linux versions. Despite not being an optimal choice for gamers, a version of Linux called "Steam OS" made by Valve Corporation was a version of Linux compatible with many Windows PC games, mostly being games on the popular gaming platform , and Steam itself is available on most Linux distros.
Although GNU/Linux is for the most part free and open-source, some proprietary software is available for it, especially high-end software and development tools, such as JetBrains's tools, Autodesk Maya and Lightworks. In the rare case of an unrecoverable error, it handles it with a Kernel Panic, rather than a BSoD.
Linux is named "Linux" after its main developer, Linus Torvalds. Initially, when he was studying at the University of Helsinki, using an education-oriented UNIX-like system called "Minix" and developing his own monolithic kernel and operating system, he was going to name it Freax, a portmanteau of "freak", "free", and "x". The mascot and logo of the Linux kernel is the penguin Tux (shown right), chosen in a logo competition in 1996.
Malware on Linux
|Developer||The Debian Project|
|Release Date||September 1993|
|Marketing Type||General purposes, development|
Debian is a unix-like operating system comprised of open-source software. It features its own repositories, which is one of the biggest repositories of any Linux operating system, containing more than 51,000 programs. Many Unix-based operating systems like Mint and Ubuntu were based off of Debian.No major breach has been made as of yet to Debian, however in 2008, a vulnerability was found in the random number generator of security keys, which only generated 32,767 different keys.
Linux Mint 19.1 "Tessa" (Cinnamon Edition)
|Developer||Clément Lefèbvre, Jamie Boo Birse, Kendall Weaver|
|Release Date||August 27th, 2006|
|Marketing Type||General purposes|
Linux Mint is a community-focused operating system that strives for a modern design and stability. It is open source and is bundled with open-source software. The current version is 19.2 "Tina".
Mint runs off of its own repositories, which however, are outdated styles of repositories.